No country is on track to achieve transport sustainability and meet the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) mandated by the United Nations by 2030, according to a report from the Sustainable Mobility for All (SuM4All) initiative.
An event in Washington DC (USA) on 23 October brought together transport leaders for the launch of the Global Roadmap of Action toward Sustainable Mobility (GRA), a tool to guide city and country leaders on measures to improve the sustainability of local transport around four key aims: universal access, efficiency, green mobility and safety.
The report analysed the mobility performance of 183 countries against these four indicators and identifies 182 policy measures for improvement and a methodology to identify gaps, crucial steps and appropriate implementation policies that are relevant for each country.
Other key findings include:
• More than a billion people lack access to adequate transport services – a crucial barrier to the advancement of education, health and employment
• An additional 1.6bn people would breathe cleaner air if transport pollution was halved
• 380m people would have access to sustainable transport if rapid transit systems were introduced in cities with a population of a million or more that currently don’t have them
• An additional 20m women would work in transport if the sector achieved gender parity
• Improvements in border administration, transport and communication infrastructure could increase the global GDP by up to USD2.6trn
• Developed countries outperform developing countries on all mobility policy goals, except per capita greenhouse gas emissions.
The gap is even greater on safety and air pollution
• In developed countries, universal urban access, measured by the rapid transit-to-resident ratio averages 32 kilometres per million residents. In developing countries, the same indicator averages only four
• Taking all four measures together, Germany is ranked as the most advanced nation in terms of sustainable mobility, followed by the Netherlands, Sweden, the UK and France. The only non-European country in the top ten is Japan, in seventh place.
“The current mobility system takes a heavy toll on our planet and leaves many people behind. In most cases, it is also expensive, inefficient, and unsafe,” said Nancy Vandycke, Programme Manager of SuM4All and World Bank Lead Economist.
The GRA report is the result of more than 18 months of work by 55 organisations, 180 experts and consultations with 50 public decision-makers and 25 private corporations.
For more information, visit www.sum4all.org/GRA